Desertification may still seem like a far-off scenario for Dutch farmers, but it is a growing problem worldwide. The use of pesticides in agriculture, as well as the focus on monoculture, is depleting farmland to the point that it becomes lifeless land and ultimately desert. UM students Vincent and Laura Nieboer, inspired by their father, came up with an accessible concept to help farmers worldwide stop this process. They recently pitched their idea at the ‘Little Big Talks’ on the occasion of the celebration of 80 years of materials science and innovation at the Brightlands Chemelot Campus in Sittard-Geleen.
The depletion of agricultural land, which results in lower food yields, is not yet on everyone’s radar as a major problem. But it is one, as brother and sister Nieboer told the jury of the ‘Little Big Talks’. “Forty per cent of the world’s farmland is depleted and the UN predicts another 60 harvests until the land is exhausted if we continue along the same lines,” said Laura Nieboer, referring to a statement by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. She has just successfully completed two UM master’s degrees: International Business, with a specialisation in Entrepreneurship, and Public Policy & Human Development. Vincent Nieboer is a master’s student in Biobased Materials and took the audience through the chemistry side of their idea.
Three main ingredients
That idea revolves around three main ingredients that you should add to degraded land in order to stop or even reverse desertification. And the most interesting part of their idea is that all three of those ingredients can be easily made by farmers anywhere in the world from waste materials that are also readily available, such as human hair. ‘Power to the people’ is an ideal shared by these two, whose idealism was cultivated at home. Laura: “Concern for the world around you has always been an important value in our home.” Last summer, father Nieboer stopped working as a transition manager for a multinational in order to create a sustainable food forest. Laura: “Since then, we have had more discussions at the kitchen table about sustainable agriculture, food safety and biodiversity—the foundations of our lives.”
Not a criticism of farmers
Vincent came across two of the three main ingredients as he searched for ways to speed up or improve the yields of a food forest for his father. And thus, their idea was born.
They think it is very important to emphasise that their vision is not a criticism of farmers. Vincent: “It is not their fault that farmland is being exhausted. It is the fault of the system, which is based on outdated knowledge.” Laura: “It is distressing to see that farmers work so hard and can barely make ends meet. We ultimately hope to be able to help them with our concept.” Better harvests with less fertilizer and land that remains usable for longer—that should be the result.
What do they still need?
A lot of research needs to be done before that happens. The three ingredients in their concept (protein hydrolysate, biochar and hydrogel) have been scientifically studied separately for effectiveness, but not in combination. They need a piece of land for this, preferably in the region, on which food has previously been grown so they can test the combination. They want to keep the process of making the ingredients as simple and nature-friendly as possible. It remains to be seen what the best way is to offer this knowledge to farmers worldwide. Therefore, financial support for the project is also very welcome. Laura: “This year, we want to test on a piece of land and to be able to say whether our idea is workable or not. It could also fail; that’s part of entrepreneurship.” Vincent: “The reactions to our Chemelot pitch were very enthusiastic, so that’s encouraging in any case.”
Laura Nieboer (24) obtained her bachelor’s degree at University College Maastricht, after which she completed two master’s degrees at Maastricht University: International Business, and Public Policy & Human Development at UNU-MERIT. She is currently working at Sabic on the transition to a circular economy and she is working on her future as a sustainable entrepreneur.
Vincent Nieboer (22) received his bachelor’s degree from the Maastricht Science Programme, and then began the master’s programme in Biobased Materials. He is currently working on his final thesis, for which he is conducting research at the Chemelot campus on making peptides.
This article is republished from the Maastricht University website. Read the original article by Femke Kools. For more information: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The opinions expressed here are the authors’ own; they do not necessarily reflect the views of UNU.
M. van Hoorn / Brightlands