The year ends with four PhD defences at UNU-MERIT and its School of Governance. On 5 December, Marina Petrovic defends her thesis on “Social Assistance and Activation… Old Policy Solutions to Social Exclusion”. On 16 December, Kristine Farla presents her work on “Empirical Studies on Institutions, Policies and Economic Development”. And on 18 December we first have Flavia Pereira de Carvalho on “Brazilian Multinationals, Economic Structure and Innovation”, and then Anant Kamath on “Information Sharing through Informal Interaction in Low-tech Clusters”. See the events calendar for the abstracts and more details.