Data (IPD)

All versions of the IPD data (2012, 2009, 2006 and 2001) can be downloaded for free at CEPII.

The Institutional Profiles Database (IPD) provides an original measure of countries’ institutional characteristics through composite indicators built from perception data. The database was designed in order to facilitate and stimulate research on the relationship between institutions, long-term economic growth and development.

The 2012 edition of the database follows on from the 2001, 2006 and 2009 editions. It covers 143 countries and contains 130 indicators, derived from 330 variables describing a broad range of institutional characteristics, structured in nine functions:

  1. Political institutions
  2. Safety, Law and Order, Control of violence
  3. Functioning of Public administrations
  4. Free Operation of Markets
  5. Coordination of actors, Strategic vision, and Innovation
  6. Security of transactions and contracts
  7. Market regulations, Social dialogue
  8. Openness
  9. Social cohesion and mobility

This new edition of the IPD is the result of a collaboration between the French Development Agency (AFD) and the Directorate General of the Treasury (DG Trésor). The perception data needed to build the indicators were gathered through a survey completed by country/regional Economic Services (Services Économiques) of the Ministry for the Economy and Finance (MEF) and the country AFD’s offices. The Centre for Prospective Studies and International Information (CEPII) and the University of Maastricht (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance – MGSoG) are partners in this project.

A document presenting the IPD 2012 (analytical framework, content, methodology) is available on the linked website. The 2012 edition of the database and earlier versions are available after registration.

Please use the following reference when citing the database: Institutional Profiles Database (IPD)

Database users are invited to send CEPII and MGSoG copies of research papers and research output using the database (see e-mail address below). Only research given prior scientific approval will be granted a hyperlink reference on this website. For all comments and questions on content, variable names and translations, please send an e-mail to: , and / or


The data provided and any research based on those data shall in no way be deemed to reflect the official positions or incur the responsibility of the AFD, the CEPII or the MEF. Furthermore, these bodies hereby disclaim any or all liability for the consequences of any anomalies or errors remaining in the database.

These indicators are made available for academic research purposes and more specifically to explore the relationship between institutions and development. They are not intended for operational uses (e.g. to allocate resources). The data in the base should be analyzed as a whole in the multidimensional and multi-country approach. Attempts to make use of the indicators individually would be statistically and conceptually problematic. This point is broadly documented and confirmed by the OECD study conducted by Christiane Arndt and Charles Oman: Uses and Abuses of Governance Indicators (2006) Development Centre.