Dr. Eleni Abraham Yitbarek

Getting Ahead or left behind? Essays on Poverty Dynamics and Social Mobility in Africa

Year: 2016

Theophile Azomahou and Franziska Gassmann


The increased recognition of the persistent nature of poverty has rekindled long-standing debates of who is getting ahead, who is left behind, who is standing still, and why, among development economists and policy makers alike. This dissertation is a collection of three essays and seeks to contribute to the aforementioned debate. It provides new empirical insights on poverty dynamics and social mobility in selected sub-Saharan African countries using a range of empirical approaches.  The dissertation conclude that informal safety nets in the form of support from friends/ family or being a member of a voluntary social association is not suffices to exit subjective or consumption poverty. On the other hand, education plays a vital role to reduce both. ​ 

Selected publications by Eleni Abraham Yitbarek

Articles (journal, professional, popular)
Azomahou, Théophile T. & Eleni Abraham Yitbarek, 2020, `Intergenerational mobility in education: Is Africa different?, Contemporary Economic Policy, Online, More information

Book chapters
Turkeli, Serdar, Pui-hang Wong & Eleni Abraham Yitbarek, 2020, Multiplex Learning: An Evidence-Based Approach to Design Policy Learning Networks in Sub-Saharan Africa for the SDGs, in: In: Ramutsindela M., Mickler D. (eds), Africa and the Sustainable Development Goals, Springer, Cham, Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020, Sustainable Development Goals Series, More information

UNU-MERIT Working Papers
Azomahou, Théophile T. & Eleni Abraham Yitbarek, 2015, Poverty persistence and informal risk management: Micro evidence from urban Ethiopia, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2015-006

External working papers
Azomahou, Théophile T. & Eleni Abraham Yitbarek, 2016, Intergenerational Education Mobility in Africa: Has Progress Been Inclusive?, Policy Research Working Paper; No. 7843. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank, More information

Yitbarek, Eleni Abraham, 2016, Getting ahead or left behind? Essays on poverty dynamics and social mobility in Africa, PhD dissertation Maastricht University / United Nations University