Alumni

Dr. Eduardo Urias

Thesis:
Improving access to HIV/AIDS treatment in Brazil: When are compulsory licenses effective in price negotiations?

Year: 2015

Promotor(s):
Shyama Ramani

Abstract:
Since 1996, Brazil has an anti-AIDS programme that offers universal and free access to antiretroviral through the public-sector health system. An import part of the successful implementation of this programme is the capacity of the Brazilian government to reduce the price of treatments. This capacity is based on the threat to issue compulsory license for patented medicines and on the existence of a domestic pharmaceutical industry involved in the production of antiretrovirals. Based on a game theoretical model of drug price negotiations and on 30 interviews, this research proposes to enlighten further the industrial dimension of this successful programme, refine the conditions lying at its heart and re-specify the issues concerning its potential replication in other developing countries.

Selected publications by Eduardo Urias


Articles (journal, professional, popular)
Urias, Eduardo & Shyama V. Ramani, 2020, `Access to medicines after TRIPS: Is compulsory licensing an effective mechanism to lower drug prices? A review of the existing evidence, Journal of International Business Policy, Online, More information
Ramani, Shyama V. & Eduardo Urias, 2018, `When access to drugs meets catch-up: Insights from the use of CL threats to improve access to ARV drugs in Brazil, Research Policy, 47, More information
Urias, Eduardo, 2017, `The contribution of the pharmaceutical industry to the health status of the developing world, International Business and Management, 33, More information
Ramani, Shyama V. , Ajay Thutupalli & Eduardo Urias, 2017, `High-value hi-tech product introduction in emerging countries, Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 20, More information
Ramani, Shyama V. & Eduardo Urias, 2015, `Access to critical medicines: When are compulsory licenses effective in price negotiations?, Social Science & Medicine, 135, More information


Book chapters
Urias, Eduardo, 2017, The Contribution of the Pharmaceutical Industry to the Health Status of the Developing World, in: Ghauri, P.N. , Fu, X. & Väätänen, J. (ed.), International Business & Management, Emerald Publishing Limited, UK


Research reports
Ramani, Shyama V. , Ajay Thutupalli, Eduardo Urias & Rushva Parihar, 2015, A refinement of framework model of interlinkages of MNEs in emerging countries for measuring their contribution towards MDGs, for "A Framework Model on MNE’s impact on global development challenges in emerging markets", Grant agreement no: 612889


Theses
Urias, Eduardo, 2015, Improving access to HIV/AIDS treatment in Brazil: When are compulsory licenses effective in price negotiations?, PhD dissertation Maastricht University / United Nations University, More information

UNU-MERIT