The role of product digitization for productivity – evidence from web-scraping European high-tech company websites
Torben Schubert, Sajad Ashouri, Matthias Deschryvere, Angela Jäger, Fabiana Visentin, Scott Cunningham, Arash Hajikhani, Lukas Pukelis & Arho Suominen
Digitalization is considered an important driver of the unravelling societal and economic transformations. However, holding both promises and challenges, its effects on the performance of individual firms are still underexplored. In this paper, we recognize that digitalization may take many shapes and try isolating the effects specifically of product digitization on firm level labour productivity. Our analyses are based on a large Europe-wide unique dataset combining structured information from ORBIS and PATSTAT with novel web-scraped information on digitalization in firms involved in high-tech manufacturing. We show that digitalization benefits productivity. However, the effect appears to result exclusively from product digitization, while a general digital intensity measure turned out to be insignificant. Moreover, we show that the effects are stronger for firms with higher initial productivity and firms located in countries considered digitally leading. Our results from the European high-tech sector suggest that the digital transformation in Europe is slow paced and scaled-up in only a fraction of the firms.
Keywords: digitalization, processes, products, productivity, innovation
JEL Classification: D2, O4, 047