Overview of the Sudan Uprising

Samia S. O. M. Nour

#2020-017

This paper provides an overview of the Sudan Uprising and discusses the major causes and factors that contributed to the success of the Sudan Uprising and potential opportunities and major challenges following the Sudan Uprising. We improve understanding, fill the gaps in the literature and provide an extremely valuable contribution to the literature by presenting a new and more comprehensive analysis and investigation of the factors that caused and contributed to the success of the Sudan Uprising and potential opportunities and major challenges following Sudan Uprising. A novel element in our analysis is that we investigate the various causes including economic causes, social and human development causes, political causes, institutional causes and the causes related to the lack of freedoms that caused the Sudan Uprising, we examine the dynamic interaction between the internal factors (youth, women, ICT, the Sudanese Professional Association, and University of Khartoum Teaching Staff Initiative), and external factors (diaspora) that contributed to supporting Sudan Uprising and we explain potential opportunities and major challenges following Sudan Uprising. From policy perspective, the relevance of our analysis is that we explain the causes of the Sudan Uprising, the internal and external factors that supported Sudan Uprising and potential opportunities and major challenges following the Sudan Uprising. Our findings support the first hypothesis that a combination of mixed factors and causes including economic causes, social and human development causes, political causes, institutional causes and the causes related to the lack of freedoms caused the Sudan Uprising. Our results corroborate the second hypothesis that the dynamic interaction between the internal factors (youth, women, ICT, the Sudanese Professional Association and University of Khartoum Teaching Staff Initiative) and external factors (diaspora) contributed to support Sudan Uprising and potential transformation in Sudan. Our results support the third hypothesis concerning the potential opportunities and major challenges following the Sudan Uprising. One major policy implication from our findings is that the lack of peace, freedom, and justice motivated the mass street demonstrations and Sudan Uprising that called for the achievement of peace, freedom, and justice for all people in Sudan. Another major policy implication from our findings is that it is important for policymakers in Sudan to adopt sound and coherent policies to consider the potential opportunities and challenges to achieve the comprehensive economic, social, political and institutional reform, to achieve the potential transformation, fulfil the objectives of the Sudan Uprising (peace, freedom, and justice) and achieve inclusive growth and sustainable development in Sudan.

Keywords: Economic development, social and human development, sustainable development, youth, ICT, Sudan.

JEL classification: O1, O10, O11, O15, O43, O55, I3, P16

  


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