The paper studies racial and gender homophily in student supervision
relationships in a context of social transformations, South Africa
academia. We develop a technique to separate choice homophily from that
induced by the system. Comprising two permutation tests repeated at two
levels of aggregation, system and departments. We find clear evidence of
homophily in student supervision, along racial lines in particular.
Roughly half of the observed homophily is induced by the departments
composition and stays constant over time. Overall, choice homophily has
similar magnitude along racial and gender dimensions. Further, we ask
where choice homophily originates in the demographic groups of students
and professors. We find that white (male) students have high tendency to
form same-type relations, while among professors it is black (female)
who display the higher frequency. Group differences show that choice
homophily is likely to originate from students in the former majority.
JEL Classification: A14, D71, D85, I23, I24, J15, J16
Keywords: Academia, South Africa, Student supervision, Induced homophily, Choice homophily, Segregation, Assortativity mixing, Permutation test, Social Transformations, Social Change, System of Organisations, Institutional constraints, Gender ties, Racial ties, University System emerging countries, Racial and Gender Homophily