Do young innovative companies create more jobs? Evidence from Pakistani textile firms

Waqar Wadho, Micheline Goedhuys & Azam Chaudhry


Using unique innovation survey data collected among a homogenous sample of firms active in the textiles and apparel sector in Pakistan, this paper analyses the role of innovation for employment growth. In particular, it develops and tests the hypothesis that innovation is conducive to employment creation, and that this is especially the case for smaller and younger firms, supporting the hypothesis that young innovative companies grow faster by engaging in riskier and more radical innovation to catch up with incumbent firms. We find empirical evidence for these hypotheses, which is robust to different model specifications and estimation techniques and to different measures of innovation. Young innovative companies also perform well in absolute employment creation making them interesting from a policy perspective.

Keywords: Technological innovation, Firm growth, Employment growth, Quantile regression Textiles, Pakistan

JEL Classification: L25, L26, L67, O30, O53

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