Poverty indicators often disagree about whether a person is poor or not.
Yet, when it comes to assessing whether a programme is successful in
reaching the poor the dominant practice is to use an income poverty
indicator. This paper investigates whether the choice of welfare
indicator influences the pro-poorness assessment of an intervention.
Using the official European Union income and material deprivation
indicators, this paper compares the outcomes of three performance
indicators for three types of income transfers in six European
countries. The analysis indicates that income transfers are assessed as
far more successful when the information from both indicators is
Keywords: performance, poverty, income, material deprivation, transfers, European Union, EU-SILC
JEL classification: I32, I38