This paper employs both the descriptive and comparative approaches and
uses the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s
definition of Science and Technology (S&T) indicators (OECD, 1997) to
discuss S&T development in Sudan. We find that the low level and the
insufficient financial and human resources devoted to S&T development
together with inadequate economic structures mean that Sudan lags behind
the leading developing countries in terms of S&T input-output
indicators. We find that the insufficient financial and human resources
hampered the potential role of R&D to contribute toward economic
development, adaptation to imported technologies and development of
local technologies in Sudan.
Keywords: S&T, R&D, Economic Development, Sudan, Developing countries.
JEL classification: O10, O11, O30