Entrepreneurship and the national system of innovation - What is missing in Turkey?
Although very dynamic and flexible, Turkish SMEs are less innovative
than their European counterparts. The analysis undertaken in this paper
allows to assess whether this low level of innovative activities is
related to a lack of entrepreneurial behaviour and/or to the weaknesses
of the Turkish innovation system. Exploring a unique firm level survey
realized among 50,000 small- and medium-sized enterprises, we seek to
evaluate the impact of firms’ behaviour and choices in the presence of
entrepreneurial, technological, institutional, and market opportunities,
in an emerging country context. Our results highlight the importance of
policy measures in building innovative capabilities.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, national systems of innovation, SMEs, innovative capabilities, emerging economies
JEL classification: O01 O33 L26
UNU-MERIT Working Papers ISSN 1871-9872