Fred Gault, UNU-MERIT
The presentation examines the development of innovation strategies and their implementation. An innovation system approach is used to discuss framework conditions that influence the actors in the system, the flows of human resources, knowledge, machinery and equipment and finance between the actors, and innovation activities of the actors which may lead to innovation. Different approaches to co-ordinating the implementation of an innovation strategy are also discussed.
The presentation draws upon Gault (2011), ‘Developing a Science of Innovation Policy Internationally’, in Kaye Husbands Fealing, Julia I. Lane, John H. Marburger III, and Stephanie S. Shipp, The Science of Science Policy, A Handbook, Stanford CA: Stanford University Press, Gault (2010), Innovation Strategies for a Global Economy: Development, Implementation, Measurement and Management, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar and Ottawa, Canada: IDRC and recent work of the OECD including OECD(2010), ‘The Innovation Policy Mix’, in the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2010, Paris: OECD
About the speaker
Fred Gault is a Professor Extraordinaire at the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) in South Africa and a member of the TUT Institute for Economic Research on Innovation (IERI). He currently serves on the Council of Canadian Academies Panel on the State of Science and Technology in Canada, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences Panel on Developing Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators for the Future, the U.S National Science Foundation Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences Advisory Committee, and the Scientific Council of the Portuguese Observatory of Science, Technology and Qualifications.
Prior to joining UNU MERIT in July 2009, he held a Visiting Fellowship at the Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Ottawa and, until April 2008, he was at Statistics Canada as the Director of the division responsible for the development of statistics on all aspects of research, development, invention, innovation and the diffusion of technologies, as well as on related human resources. During this time he was Chair of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) (2002 - 2008) and of the Working Party on Indicators for the Information Society (WPIIS) (1997 - 2002).
He holds a Ph.D. in Theoretical Physics and a B.Sc.(Econ.) from the University of London, and is a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and a Member of the British Computer Society.
His principal interest over the last twenty-five years has been the development and the use of statistical indicators in support of the policy process, particularly in the area of innovation. More recently, he worked with the OECD as a member of the management team coordinating the OECD Innovation Strategy delivered in May 2010. He has contributed to the innovation and R&D survey work coordinated by the Office of Science and Technology of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). At UNU MERIT, he coordinates case study work on innovation in a selection of African countries.
Venue: UNU-MERIT Conference Room
Date: 22 November 2011
Time: 12:30 - 13:30