Trade Liberalization, Productivity and Employment- A Study of Indian Manufacturing Industries in the 1980s and 1990s

Dr. Deb Kusum Das, University of Delhi, Ramjas College, Department of Economics,

Venue: UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, Conference Room 1

Time: 16:00 hours


This paper uses panel data on trade liberalization and labour market indicators by three-digit industry groups in Indian organized manufacturing sector to assess the impact of trade reforms in Indian organized manufacturing sector on employment growth, labour productivity and real wages for the decade 1980-2000. In particular, the paper documents the trends in employment, labour productivity and real wages for 75 three-digit industries as well as use-based sectors- intermediate, capital and consumer goods industries under 4 different phases of trade reforms observed in India from 1980-2000. The study observes that for labour intensive sectors- cotton textile, textile products, leather and products, the lowering of tariff as well as non-tariff barriers shows improvement in employment growth, labour productivity and real wages.


Dr Deb Kusum Das is a Reader in Economics, Department of Economics, Ramjas College, University of Delhi. He finished his Ph.D in Economics on "Some Aspects of Productivity Growth and Trade in Indian Industry" at the Delhi School of Economics. He is also the Co-winner of the Export-Import Bank-India International Economic Development Research Award 2003 for his doctoral dissertation. He has co-edited a book in 2005 called "India-Industrialization in a Reforming Economy-Essays for Professor K.L. Krishna. Research Interests include- Quantitative International Trade; Development Economics and Empirical Industrial Economics. His international assignments included visiting Fellow, Australian National University, University of Melbourne, Lahore University of Management Sciences (Pakistan) and Lancaster University (UK).

For more information, please contact Eveline in de Braek,

Venue: UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, the Netherlands

Date: 06 April 2006