Prof. Rajneesh Narula

Professorial fellow

Research group(s):
5. Innovation and Entrepreneurship for Sustainability Transitions

Rajneesh Narula is the John H. Dunning Chair of International Business Regulation at the Henley Business School, University of Reading, UK. His research and consulting have focused on the role of multinational firms in development, innovation and industrial policy, R&D alliances and outsourcing. He has published over a 100 articles and chapters in books on these themes. He is currently an editor of Journal of International Business Studies. Prof. Narula was Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Development Research from 2009-2013, and Editor-in-Chief of Multinational Business Review from 2014-2016.

In 2017, he was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE). The honour is in recognition of his Services to Business Research. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce (FRSA) in 2015.  He is a regular commentator on business and economics issues on BBC World News, as well as a variety of print and online publications.  

He regularly acts as a consultant and advisor to the European Commission, UNIDO, UNCTAD and the OECD, World Bank, as well as a variety of other international organisations, governments and consulting firms. He holds honorary appointments at United Nations University-MERIT, Norwegian School of Business, Oxford University and the University of Urbino. He has previously held full-time appointments at the University of Oslo, Maastricht University and Copenhagen Business School.

He obtained his BEng (Electrical Engineering, with Honours) from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Nigeria, his MBA from Rutgers University Graduate School of Management, and his Doctorate in Management from Rutgers University, USA. He completed his early education in Nigeria, most notably at Barewa College, Zaria.  Before academia, Professor Narula worked as an Engineer in Nigeria, and later as a Planning Analyst at IBM Asia/Pacific Headquarters in Hong Kong.  

Publications: http://goo.gl/Jk8QCj

Linkedin: http://www.linkedin.com/in/narula1




Selected publications by Rajneesh Narula


Articles (journal, professional, popular)
Narula, Rajneesh, 2018, Multinational firms and the extractive sectors in the 21st century: can they drive development?, Journal of World Business, 53: 85-91
Noya, Andrea & Rajneesh Narula, 2018, What more can we learn from R&D alliances? A review and research agenda, Business Research Quarterly, 21: 195-212
Narula, Rajneesh, 2015, of Sustained Growth by India’s MNEs: India’s Dual Economy and Constraints from Location Assets, Management International Review, 55(2): 191-205
Narula, Rajneesh, 2014, Exploring the paradox of competence-creating subsidiaries: balancing bandwidth and dispersion in MNEs, Long Range Planning, 24: 4-15
Narula, Rajneesh & Nigel Driffield, 2012, Does FDI cause development? The ambiguity of the evidence and why it matters, European Journal of Development Research, 24: 1-7
Narula, Rajneesh & John Dunning, 2010, Multinational enterprises, development and globalisation: Some clarifications and a research agenda, Oxford Development Studies, 38: 263-287
Narula, Rajneesh, 2010, Keeping the Eclectic Paradigm Simple, The Multinational Business Review, 18(2): 35-49
Narula, Rajneesh, 2002, Interactive learning in an innovation system: The case of Norwegian software companies, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management
Narula, Rajneesh & Bert Sadowski, 2002, Technological catch-up and strategic technology partnering in developing countries, International Journal of Technology Management
Narula, Rajneesh, 2002, Innovation systems and ‘inertia’ in R&D location: Norwegian firms and the role of systemic lock-in, Research Policy
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, The eclectic paradigm in the global economy, International Journal of the Economics of Business, 8: 155-172
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, Strategic partnering by EU firms: A rejoinder, Journal of Common Market Studies, 37: 159-164
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, Choosing between internal and non-internal R&D activities: Some technological and economic factors, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 13: 365-388
Narula, Rajneesh & John Dunning, 2000, Industrial development, globalisation and multinational enterprises: New realities for developing countries, Oxford Development Studies, 28(2)
Narula, Rajneesh & John Hagedoorn, 1999, Innovating through strategic alliances: Moving towards international partnerships and contractual agreements, Technovation
Narula, Rajneesh & John Dunning, 1999, Developing countries versus multinationals in a globalising world: The dangers of falling behind, Forum for Development Studies: 261-287
Narula, Rajneesh, 1999, Explaining Strategic R&D alliances by European firms, Journal of Common Market Studies, 37: 711-23
Narula, Rajneesh & Katherine Wakelin, 1998, Technological competitiveness, trade and foreign direct investment, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics
Narula, Rajneesh, 1998, Explaining the `new' wave of outward FDI from developing countries, Internal Business Review
Narula, Rajneesh & Katherine Wakelin, 1998, Technological competitiveness, trade and foreign direct investment, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 9(3): 373-387
Narula, Rajneesh, 1996, The role of export processing zones for host countries and multinationals: A mutually beneficial relationship?, International Trade Journal, 10(Winter): 435-466
Hagedoorn, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1996, Choosing organizational modes of strategic technology partnering: international and sectoral differences, Journal of International Business Studies, 27: 265-284
Narula, Rajneesh, 1995, R&D activities of foreign multinationals in the U.S, International Studies of Management and Organization, 25(1-2): 39-73
Narula, Rajneesh, 1994, Transpacific foreign direct investment and the investment development path: The record assessed, Essays in International Business, 10(March)
Narula, Rajneesh, 1993, Technology, international business and Porter's 'diamond': Synthesising a dynamic competitive development model, Management International Review, 2(special issue)


Book chapters
Narula, Rajneesh & André Pineli, 2017, Multinational Enterprises and Economic Development in Host Countries: What We Know and What We Don’t Know, in: Gianluigi Giorgioni (ed), Development Finance. Challenges and Opportunities, Palgrave, London
Narula, Rajneesh, 2014, Foreign direct investment as a driver of industrial development: why is there so little evidence?, in: International Business and Sustainable Development, Progress in International Business Research, Volume 8, Emerald Group Publishing, UK
Narula, Rajneesh, 2014, The Limits of 'New' Multinational Enterprises, in: Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra and Ravi Ramamurti (eds), Understanding Multinationals from Emerging Markets, Cambridge University Press, UK
Narula, Rajneesh, 2002, Integration and the strategies of multinational firms, in: Trade and Regional Integration in the Development Agenda, Brookings Institution/IDB, Washington DC
Narula, Rajneesh & Katherine Wakelin, 2001, The pattern and determinants of US foreign direct investment in industrialised countries, in: Rajneesh Narula (ed.), International Trade, Investment in a Globalising World, Pergamon, New York
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, The pattern and determinants of US foreign direct investment in industrialised countries, in: Rajneesh Narula (ed.), Trade and Investment in a Globalising World, Pergamon, New York
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, Choosing partners in R&D alliances: Some technological considerations, in: Farok Contractor (ed.), The Valuation of Intangible Assets in Global Operations, Quorum Books, Wesport
Hagedoorn, John & Rajneesh Narula, 2001, Evolutionary understanding of corporate foreign investment behavior: U.S. foreign direct investment in Europe, in: Rajneesh Narula (ed.), Trade and Investment in a Globalising World, Kidlington, Pergamon
Narula, Rajneesh, 2000, Strategic technology alliances by European firms since 1980: Questioning integration?, in: F. Chesnais, G. Letto-Gillies and R. Simonetti (eds.), European Integration and Global Corporate Strategies, Routledge, London
Narula, Rajneesh, 2000, Foreign direct investment, globalisation and country-specific factors in the industrialised countries, in: H. Singer, Hatti, N. and Tandon, R., Globalisation, Technology and Trade, BR Publishing Co
Narula, Rajneesh, 1999, Outward investment from the Netherlands: Introduction and overview, in: Roger van Hoesel and Rajneesh Narula (eds.), Multinationals from the Netherlands, Routledge, London
Hogenbirk, Annelies & Rajneesh Narula, 1999, Globalisation and the small economy: The case of the Netherlands, in: D. Van Den Bulcke and A. Verbeeke (eds.), Globalisation and the Small Economy
Hagedoorn, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1999, Choosing organizational modes of strategic technology partnering: International and sectoral differences, in: John Cantwell (ed.), Foreign Direct Investment and Technological Change, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, Vol. 2
Narula, Rajneesh & Annelies Hogenbirk, 1998, Dutch manufacturing MNEs in the United States, 1950-1995, in: Roger van Hoesel and Rajneesh Narula (eds.), Multinational Enterprises from the Netherlands, Routledge, London
Narula, Rajneesh, 1996, Forms of international cooperation between corporations, in: C. Jepma and A. Rhoen (eds.), International Trade: A Business Perspective, Longman, Harlow
Narula, Rajneesh, 1995, The investment development path revisited: Some emerging issues, in: J. Dunning and R. Narula (eds.), Foreign Direct Investment and Governments: Catalysts for Economic Restructuring, Routledge, London


Books (monograph or edited volume)
Collinson, Simon C., Rajneesh Narula & Alan M. Rugman, 2017, International Business, Seventh Edition, Pearson Publishing, UK, 792 pp, 792 pp, More information
Narula, Rajneesh & Sanjaya Lall, 2006, Understanding FDI-Assisted Economic Development, Routledge, London, More information
Narula, Rajneesh, 2004, Globalisation and Technology: interdependence, innovation systems and industrial policy, Polity Press, Cambridge, 264 p, More information
Dunning, John & Rajneesh Narula, 2004, Multinationals and Industrial competitiveness: a new agenda, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 304 pp, More information
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, Trade and Investment in a Globalising World, Pergamon, New York, More information
Narula, Rajneesh (ed.), 1995, Foreign Direct Investment and Governments. Catalysts for Economic Restructuring, Routledge, London, 455 p, More information
Narula, Rajneesh, 1995, Multinational Investment and Economic Structure, Routledge, London, 217 p, More information
Narula, Rajneesh, 1993, Transnational Corporations from Developing Country TNCs: Impact on Home Countries, United Nations, New York, More information


UNU-MERIT Working Papers
Narula, Rajneesh, 2020, Policy opportunities and challenges from the Covid-19 pandemic for economies with large informal sectors, forthcoming in Journal of International Business Policy 2020, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2020-024
Narula, Rajneesh & Khadija van der Straaten, 2019, A comment on the multifaceted relationship between multinational enterprises and within-country inequality, Forthcoming, Critical Perspectives on International Business, 2019, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2019-035
Narula, Rajneesh, 2019, Enforcing higher labour standards within developing country value chains: Consequences for MNEs and informal actors in a dual economy, Forthcoming, Journal of International Business Studies Vol 50, 2019, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2019-034
Pineli, André, Rajneesh Narula & René Belderbos, 2019, FDI, multinationals and structural change in developing countries, Forthcoming in: Alcorta, L.,Szirmai, A., Verpagen, B. And Foster-McGregor, N. (eds) 'New Perspectives on Structural Change: Causes and Consequences of Structural Change in the Global Economy', Oxford University Press, 2020 , UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2019-004
Narula, Rajneesh & André Pineli, 2018, Improving the developmental impact of multinational enterprises: Policy and research challenges, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2018-036
Martinez-Noya, Andrea & Rajneesh Narula, 2018, What more can we learn from R&D alliances? A review and research agenda, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2018-022
Narula, Rajneesh, 2017, Multinational firms and the extractive sectors in the 21st century: Can they drive development?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2017-041
Ashok, Mona, Rajneesh Narula & Andrea Martinez-Noya, 2016, How do collaboration and investments in knowledge management affect process innovation in services?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2016-039
Narula, Rajneesh & André Pineli, 2016, Multinational enterprises and economic development in host countries: What we know and what we don't know, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2016-020
Narula, Rajneesh, 2014, The viability of sustained growth by India's MNEs: India's dual economy and constraints from location assets, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2014-062
Collinson, Simon C. & Rajneesh Narula, 2014, Asset recombination in international partnerships as a source of improved innovation capabilities in China, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2014-061
Narula, Rajneesh & Andrea Martinez-Noya, 2014, International R&D alliances by firms: Origins and development, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2014-058
Ashok, Mona, Rajneesh Narula & Andrea Martinez-Noya, 2014, End-user collaboration for process innovation in services: The role of internal resources, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2014-019
Narula, Rajneesh, 2013, Exploring the paradox of competence-creating subsidiaries: balancing bandwidth and dispersion in MNEs, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2013-046
Narula, Rajneesh & Tiju Prasad Kodiyat, 2013, The growth of outward FDI and the competitiveness of the underlying economy: the case of India, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2013-042
Narula, Rajneesh, 2013, Foreign direct investment as a driver of industrial development: why is there so little evidence?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2013-034
Narula, Rajneesh, 2013, Using a 'Systems' Perspective to Explain the Limits of 'New' Multinational Enterprises: the role of 'members-only' location advantages, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2013-033
Narula, Rajneesh, 2011, Do we need different frameworks to explain infant MNEs from developing countries?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2011-073
Narula, Rajneesh & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2011, New insights on the role of location advantages in international innovation, Forthcoming in : A. Verbeke and H. Merchant (eds) Edward Elgar Handbook of Research on International Strategic Management, 2012, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2011-045
Narula, Rajneesh & Quyen T.K. Nguyen, 2011, Emerging country MNEs and the role of home countries: separating fact from irrational expectations, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2011-021
Narula, Rajneesh & José Guimón, 2010, The R&D activity of multinational enterprises in peripheral economies: evidence from the EU new member states, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2010-048
Narula, Rajneesh, 2010, Keeping the eclectic paradigm simple: a brief commentary and implications for ownership advantages, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2010-031
Narula, Rajneesh, 2010, Much ado about nothing, or sirens of a brave new world? MNE activity from developing countries and its significance for development, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2010-021
Narula, Rajneesh & Julie Michel, 2009, Reverse knowledge transfer and its implications for European policy, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2009-035
Narula, Rajneesh, 2009, Attracting and embedding R&D by multinational firms: policy recommendations for EU new member states, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2009-033
Narula, Rajneesh & John Dunning, 2009, Multinational enterprises, development and globalisation: Some clarifications and a research agenda, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2009-023
Narula, Rajneesh & Christian Bellak, 2008, EU enlargement and consequences for FDI assisted industrial development, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2008-067
Narula, Rajneesh & Irina Jormanainen, 2008, When a good science base is not enough to create competitive industries: Lock-in and inertia in Russian systems of innovation, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2008-059
Narula, Rajneesh & Grazia D. Santangelo, 2007, Location and R&D alliances in the European ICT industry, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2007-008
Benito, Gabriel R.G. & Rajneesh Narula, 2007, States and Firms on the Periphery: The Challenges of a Globalising World, Published in Benito, G.R.G. and Narula, R. (2007), Editors, Multinationals on the Periphery, London: Palgrave., UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2007-004


Research memoranda
Criscuolo, Paola & Rajneesh Narula, 2005, Using multi-hub structures for international R&D: Organizational inertia and the challenges of implementation, MERIT Research Memoranda 2005-025
Narula, Rajneesh & Anabel Marin, 2005, Exploring the relationship between direct and indirect spillovers from FDI in Argentina, MERIT Research Memoranda 2005-024
Narula, Rajneesh, 2005, Globalisation, EU expansion and consequences for MNE location, MERIT Research Memoranda 2005-003
Lall, Sanjaya & Rajneesh Narula, 2004, FDI and its role in economic development: Do we need a new agenda?, MERIT Research Memoranda 2004-019
Narula, Rajneesh & Brian Portelli, 2004, Foreign direct investment and economic development: Opportunities and limitations from a developing country perspective, MERIT Research Memoranda 2004-009
Portelli, Brian & Rajneesh Narula, 2004, Foreign direct investment through acquisitions and implications for technological upgrading: Case evidence from Tanzania, MERIT Research Memoranda 2004-008
Hogenbirk, Annelies & Rajneesh Narula, 2004, Location and agglomeration of FDI in The Netherlands: implications for policy, MERIT Research Memoranda 2004-006
Narula, Rajneesh, 2004, Understanding absorptive capacities in an innovation systems"" context: consequences for economic and employment growth", MERIT Research Memoranda 2004-003
Narula, Rajneesh & Anabel Marin, 2003, FDI spillovers, absorptive capacities and human capital development: evidence from Argentina, MERIT Research Memoranda 2003-016
Narula, Rajneesh & Antonello Zanfei, 2003, The International dimension of innovation, MERIT Research Memoranda 2003-009
Narula, Rajneesh, 2003, Globalisation and trends in international R&D alliances, MERIT Research Memoranda 2003-001
Narula, Rajneesh, 2002, Switching from import substitution to the ‘New Economic Model’ in Latin America: A case of not learning from Asia, MERIT Research Memoranda 2002-032
Criscuolo, Paola, Rajneesh Narula & Bart Verspagen, 2002, The relative importance of home and host innovation systems in the internationalisation of MNE R&D: a patent citation analysis, MERIT Research Memoranda 2002-026
Narula, Rajneesh, 2002, The implications of growing cross-border interdependence for systems of innovation, MERIT Research Memoranda 2002-017
Criscuolo, Paola & Rajneesh Narula, 2002, A novel approach to national technological accumulation and absorptive capacity: Aggregating Cohen and Levinthal, MERIT Research Memoranda 2002-016
Domaas Wibe, Mona & Rajneesh Narula, 2001, Interactive Learning in an Innovation System: The Case of Norwegian Software Companies, MERIT Research Memoranda 2001-040
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, Multinational Firms, Regional Integration and Globalising Markets: Implications for Developing Countries, MERIT Research Memoranda 2001-036
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, R&D Collaboration by SMEs: new opportunities and limitations in the face of globalisation, MERIT Research Memoranda 2001-012
Narula, Rajneesh, 2001, R&D Collaboration by 'stand-alone' SMEs: opportunities and limitations in the ICT sector, MERIT Research Memoranda 2001-011
Cantwell, John & Rajneesh Narula, 2001, The Eclectic Paradigm in the Global Economy, MERIT Research Memoranda 2001-010
Narula, Rajneesh, 2000, R&D Collaboration by SMEs in ICT industries: opportunities and limitations, MERIT Research Memoranda 2000-029
Narula, Rajneesh, 2000, Strategic partnering by EU firms: a rejoinder, MERIT Research Memoranda 2000-028
Narula, Rajneesh, 2000, Explaining 'Inertia' in R&D internationalisation: Norwegian firms and the role of home country-effects, MERIT Research Memoranda 2000-021
Narula, Rajneesh, 1999, Choosing between internal and non-internal R&D activities: some technological and economic factors, MERIT Research Memoranda 1999-024
Narula, Rajneesh, 1999, In-house R&D, outsourcing or alliances? Some strategic and economic considerations, MERIT Research Memoranda 1999-007
Hogenbirk, Annelies & Rajneesh Narula, 1999, Globalisation and the Small Economy: The Case of the Netherlands, MERIT Research Memoranda 1999-002
Narula, Rajneesh & John Hagedoorn, 1998, Innovating through strategic alliances: moving towards international partnerships and contractual agreements, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-030
Narula, Rajneesh, 1998, Explaining the growth of strategic R&D alliances by European firms, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-029
Narula, Rajneesh & John Dunning, 1998, Globalisation and New Realities for Multinational Enterprise-Developing Host Country Interaction, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-015
Hoesel, Roger van & Rajneesh Narula, 1998, Outward investment from the Netherlands: Introduction and overview, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-012
Narula, Rajneesh, 1998, Strategic technology alliances by European firms since 1980: questioning integration?, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-009
Narula, Rajneesh & Annelies Hogenbirk, 1998, Dutch Manufacturing MNEs in the United States, 1950-1995, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-005
Narula, Rajneesh & Bert Sadowski, 1998, Technological catch-up and strategic technology partnering in developing countries, MERIT Research Memoranda 1998-002
Narula, Rajneesh & John Hagedoorn, 1997, Globalisation, organisational modes and the growth of international strategic technology alliances, MERIT Research Memoranda 1997-017
Narula, Rajneesh & John Dunning, 1997, Explaining international R&D alliances and the role of governments, MERIT Research Memoranda 1997-011
Narula, Rajneesh, 1997, The Role of Developing Country Multinationals in the Acquisition of Industrial Technology in Nigeria: A Pilot Study, MERIT Research Memoranda 1997-008
Narula, Rajneesh & Katherine Wakelin, 1997, The Pattern and Determinants of US Foreign Direct Investment in Industrialised Countries, MERIT Research Memoranda 1997-001
Dunning, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1996, Developing Countries Versus Multinationals in a Globalising World: The Dangers of Falling Behind, MERIT Research Memoranda 1996-022
Dunning, John, Roger van Hoesel & Rajneesh Narula, 1996, Explaining the 'new' wave of outward FDI from developing countries, MERIT Research Memoranda 1996-013
Gunby, Philip & Rajneesh Narula, 1996, Evolutionary understanding of corporate foreign investment behaviour: US foreign direct investment in Europe, MERIT Research Memoranda 1996-005
Narula, Rajneesh & Katherine Wakelin, 1995, Technological competitiveness, Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, MERIT Research Memoranda 1995-019
McIntyre, John R., Rajneesh Narula & Len J. Trevino, 1995, The role of export processing zones for host countries and multinationals: A mutually beneficial relationship?, MERIT Research Memoranda 1995-008
Hagedoorn, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1995, Evolutionary Understanding of corporate foreign investment behaviour: US foreign direct investment in Europe, MERIT Research Memoranda 1995-001
Narula, Rajneesh, 1994, Foreign Direct Investment, Globalisation and Country Specific Factors in the Industrialized Countries, MERIT Research Memoranda 1994-037
Hagedoorn, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1994, Choosing Modes of Governance for Strategic Technology Partnering: International and Sectoral Differences, MERIT Research Memoranda 1994-028
Narula, Rajneesh, 1994, Local determinants of inward and outward FDI activity, MERIT Research Memoranda 1994-025
Dunning, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1994, The R&D Activities of Foreign Firms in the U.S. , MERIT Research Memoranda 1994-009
Dunning, John & Rajneesh Narula, 1993, Transpacific foreign direct investment and the investment development path: the record assessed, MERIT Research Memoranda 1993-024


UNU-MERIT