Prof. Dr. Carlo Pietrobelli


Professorial Fellow

Research group(s):
2. Structural Change and Economic Development
4. Governance and institutions
1. Economics of Knowledge and Innovation

Carlo Pietrobelli is a professor and policy advisor on innovation and industrial development and policy.

He is currently Deaf of the Department of Economics and Professor at the University Roma Tre, Italy, Professorial Fellow at UNU-MERIT, Maastricht, and Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, Washington D.C.. During 2009-2016 was a Lead Economist at the Inter-American Development Bank, where he led the preparation of development loans in Latin America and the Caribbean on innovation and industrial policies, and on cluster and value chains programs, small and medium-sized enterprises and local economic development.

His research interests range from development economics to innovation, trade and industry in developing countries. He has published widely in international journals and his last books were published by Harvard University Press, Edward Elgar, Palgrave and Routledge. His latest books are on The Impact Evaluation of Cluster Development Programs: Methods and Practices (IDB, 2016, https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/7605), and on Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Engine of Economic Development (Palgrave, 2016).

He was Deputy Rector for promoting links between the University and the private sector and Head of Industrial Liaison Office of the University Roma Tre. He holds a PhD in Economics from Oxford University and has been a regular policy advisor to governments in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.

Personal website: https://tinyurl.com/3dtct68s 

Recent Comments: 




Selected publications by Carlo Pietrobelli


Articles (journal, professional, popular)
Hausmann, Ricardo, Carlo Pietrobelli & Miguel Angel Santosc, 2021, Place-specific determinants of income gaps: New sub-national evidence from Mexico, Journal of Business Research, Online, DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2021.01.003, More information
Lebdioui, Amir, Keun Lee & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2020, Local-foreign technology interface, resource-based development, and industrial policy: how Chile and Malaysia are escaping the middle-income trap, The Journal of Technology Transfer, Online, DOI: 10.1007/s10961-020-09808-3, More information
Anzolin, Guendalina & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2020, Local content policies: Why mining need consistent policy packages to support capabilities development, The Extractive Industries and Society, 8(1): 395-399, DOI: 10.1016/j.exis.2020.11.013, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Robert Devlin, 2020, Modern Industrial Policy and Public–Private Councils at the Subnational Level: Mexico’s Experience in an International Perspective, L'Industria. Rivista di Economia e Politica Industriale, More information
Katz, Jorge & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2018, Natural resource based growth, global value chains and domestic capabilities in the mining industry, Resources Policy, 58: 11-20, DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2018.02.001, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Cornelia Staritz, 2018, Upgrading, interactive learning, and innovation systems in value chain interventions, European Journal of Development Research, 30(3): 557-574, DOI: 10.1057/s41287-017-0112-5, More information
Montalbano, Pierluigi, Silvia Nenci & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2018, Opening and linking up: firms, GVCs, and productivity in Latin America, Small Business Economics, 50(4): 917-935, DOI: 10.1007/s11187-017-9902-6, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo, 2018, Technology transfer for developing countries, Technology Transfer: 209-234, DOI: 10.4324/9781315202037, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo, Pierluigi Montalbano & Silvia Nenci (eds.), 2018, Opening and Linking up: Firms, Global Value Chains and Productivity in Latin America, Small Business Economics, 50(4): 917-35, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Cornelia Staritz (eds.), 2018, Upgrading, Interactive Learning, and Innovation Systems in Value Chain Interventions, European Journal of Development Research, More information
Katz, Jorge & Carlo Pietrobelli (eds.), 2018, Natural resource-based growth, global value chains and domestic capabilities in the mining industry, Resources Policy, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo, A. Marin & J. Olivari, 2018, Innovation in mining value chains: New evidence from Latin America, Resources Policy, 58: 1-, DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2018.05.010, More information
McDermott, G.A. & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2017, Walking before you can run: The knowledge, networks, and institutions for emerging market smes, Advances in International Management, 30, DOI: 10.1108/S1571-502720170000030013, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Cornelia Staritz, 2017, Cadenas Globales de Valor y Políticas de Desarrollo, Desarrollo Económico, 56(220), More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo (ed.), 2016, “Leveraging global R&D”, Issues in Science and Technology, 32(3): 22-, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo (ed.), 2016, "Políticas industriales modernas para el cambio estructural en América Latina: coordinación e integración productiva", Boletín Informativo Techint, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Fernanda Puppato, 2016, Technology foresight and industrial strategy in developing countries, Technology Forecasting and Social Change, 110: 117-25, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo, M. Kamiya & L. Navas-Aleman (eds.), 2015, “Small firm finance is a value chain governance issue: new evidence from Latin America”, Int. J. Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, 7(3): 218-42
Crescenzi, Riccardo, Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2014, Innovation drivers, value chains and the geography of multinational corporations in Europe, Journal of Economic Geography, 14(6): 1053-1086, DOI: 10.1093/jeg/lbt018, More information
Molina-Domene, M.A. & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2012, Drivers of technological capabilities in developing countries: An econometric analysis of Argentina, Brazil and Chile, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 23(4): 504-15
Fu, Xiaolan, Carlo Pietrobelli & Luc Soete, 2011, The Role of Foreign Technology and Indigenous Innovation in the Emerging Economies: Technological Change and Catching-up, World Development, 39(7): 1204-1212, DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2010.05.009, More information


Book chapters
Pietrobelli, Carlo, 2021, Industrial and Innovation Policies in a World of Global Value Chains, in: K. Lee K., J.D. Lee, S. Radosevic, D. Meissner and N. Vonortas, The Challenges of Technology and Economic Catch-Up in Emerging Economies, Oxford University Press, Oxford
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Federica Saliola, 2019, Newly Emerging Paradigms in the World Economy: Global Buyers, Value Chain Governance and Local Suppliers’ Performance in Thailand, in: Lois Labrianidis (ed), The Moving Frontier: The Changing Geography of Production in Labour-Intensive Industries, Taylor & Francis, UK, More information
Iizuka, Michiko, Carlo Pietrobelli & Fernando Vargas, 2019, The Potential for Innovation in Mining Value Chains. Evidence from Latin America, in: A. Daly, D. Humphreys, J. Raffo and G. Valacchi, Innovation in Mining, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK
Pietrobelli, Carlo, 2019, Modern Industrial Policy in Latin America: Lessons from Cluster Development Policies, in: A. Oqubay and J.Y. Lin, The Oxford Handbook of Industrial Hubs and Economic Development, Oxford University Press, Oxford
Lema, Rasmus, Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2019, Innovation in Global Value Chains, in: S. Ponte, G. Gereffi and G. Raj-Reichert, Handbook on Global Value Chains, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK
Pietrobelli, Carlo & G.A. McDermott, 2017, Walking Before You Can Run: The Knowledge, Networks, and Institutions for Emerging Market SMEs, in: T. Pedersen, T.M. Devinney , L. Tihanyi , A. Camuffo, Breaking up the Global Value Chain (Advances in International Management, Volume 30), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Cornelia Staritz, 2017, “Cadenas globales de valor y políticas de desarrollo”, in: Basave, Jorge & Carrillo, Jorge, Innovación y desarrollo. Una mirada global para entender a las multinacionales en América Latina, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico, More information
Grazzi, Matteo, Carlo Pietrobelli & Adam Szirmai, 2016, Determinants of enterprise performance in Latin America and the Caribbean: What does the micro-evidence tell us? , in: Inter-American Development Bank, Grazzi, Matteo, Pietrobelli, Carlo (Eds.), Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Engine of Economic Development , Palgrave Macmillan, US, DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-58151-1_1, More information
Grazzi, Matteo, Carlo Pietrobelli & Adam Szirmai, 2016, Innovation and productivity in Latin American and Caribbean firms: Conclusions , in: Inter-American Development Bank, Grazzi, Matteo, Pietrobelli, Carlo (Eds.), Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Engine of Economic Development , Palgrave Macmillan, US, DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-58151-1_10, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo, Matteo Grazzi & Adam Szirmai, 2016, 'Innovation and Productivity in Latin American and Caribbean Firms: Conclusions’, in: C. Pietrobelli and M. Grazzi (eds.), Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean, Inter-American Development Bank/Palgrave MacMillan, New York,, New York
Pietrobelli, Carlo, Matteo Grazzi & Adam Szirmai, 2016, ‘Determinants of Enterprise Performance in Latin American and the Caribbean. What Does the Micro Evidence Tell Us?’, in: C. Pietrobelli and M. Grazzi (eds.), Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean, Inter-American Development Bank/Palgrave MacMillan, New York, New York, USA


Books (monograph or edited volume)
Maffioli, Alessandro, Carlo Pietrobelli & Rodolfo Stucchi (eds.), 2016, The Impact Evaluation of Cluster Development Programs, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington D.C, More information
Grazzi, Matteo & Carlo Pietrobelli (eds.), 2016, Firm’ Productivity and Innovation in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Engine of Development, Palgrave, London, UK, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Rajah Rasiah (eds.), 2012, Evidence-based Development Economics: Essays in Honour of Sanjaya Lall, University of Malaya Press, Kuala Lumpur, 460 pages, More information
Llisterri, Juan Jose, Carlo Pietrobelli & Mikael Larsson (eds.), 2011, Los Sistemas Regionales de Innovación en América Latina, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington D.C, More information
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Roberta Rabellotti, 2007, Upgrading to Compete. Global Value Chains, SMEs and Clusters in Latin America, HARVARD University Press, Cambridge Ma, More information


UNU-MERIT Working Papers
Brancati, Emanuele, Carlo Pietrobelli & Caio Torres Mazzi, 2021, The influence of value-chain governance on innovation performance: A study of Italian suppliers, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2021-017
Lema, Rasmus, Carlo Pietrobelli, Roberta Rabellotti & Antonio Vezzani, 2021, Deepening or delinking? Innovative capacity and global value chain participation in the ICT sectors, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2021-007
Delera, Michele , Carlo Pietrobelli, Elisa Calza & Alejandro Lavopa, 2020, Does value chain participation facilitate the adoption of industry 4.0 technologies in developing countries?, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2020-046
Iizuka, Michiko, Carlo Pietrobelli & Fernando Vargas, 2019, The Potential for innovation in mining value chains. Evidence from Latin America, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2019-033
Pietrobelli, Carlo, 2019, Modern industrial policy in Latin America: Lessons from cluster development policies, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2019-031
Lema, Rasmus, Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2018, Innovation in Global Value Chains, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2018-038
Devlin, Robert & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2018, Modern industrial policy and public-private councils at the subnational level: Mexico's experience in an international perspective, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2018-028
Montalbano, Pierluigi, Silvia Nenci & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2017, Opening and linking up: Firms, global value chains and productivity in Latin America, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2017-030
Grazzi, Matteo, Carlo Pietrobelli & Adam Szirmai, 2015, The performance of firms in Latin America and the Caribbean: Microeconomic factors and the role of innovation, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2015-041
Pietrobelli, Carlo & Fernanda Puppato, 2015, Technology foresight and industrial strategy in developing countries, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2015-016
Crescenzi, Riccardo, Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2015, The location strategies of multinationals from emerging countries in the EU regions, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2015-009


Other (editorship, media appearance, keynote, etc.)
Calzada Olvera, Beatriz & Carlo Pietrobelli, 2018, En busca de una minería innovadora y sustentable en Latinoamérica, Post for the IDB Blog "Puntos sobre la i" (in Spanish only), More information


UNU-MERIT