Dynamics of Science and Technology Catch-Up by Developed and Emerging Economies: A Composite Analysis Combining Scientific Publications and Patenting Data

Dr. Chan-Yuan Wong, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya

There has been a growing literature on the progress of science and technology of emerging economies in recent years. This paper extends these prior analyses in two ways. While prior works have tracked the changing share of economies in world total patenting output quantity, we track the growth trend of both the quantity and quality of patenting activities of Asian economies. Secondly, we combine publications and patents data, respectively measures of scientific and technological outputs, to provide a composite analysis of the temporal dynamics of science and technology catch-up by selected economies. Based on the stylized empirical findings, a dynamic model of phased development involving changing emphasis between science and technology is proposed. The pattern of growth of the 3-Newly Industrialized Economies (NIEs) appears to be consistent with their industrial development path discussed in literature. While China and India outperformed Japan and the 3-NIEs in science-based patents production, the ASEAN and other middle income economies did not experience the same dynamics as that of other benchmarked economies. Policy implications of our findings and potential extension of the composite analysis approach to a broader range of countries are discussed.

About the speaker
Chan-Yuan is presently a senior lecturer at the department of Science and Technology Studies, University of Malaya. He received his Ph.D. in Applied Statistics from the University of Malaya. He is also researcher for Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) and Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology (MIGHT) in several research projects, and IDRC-sponsored projects on Innovation Policies and Inclusive Development of Asia. He was a visiting scholar at the Department of Urban and Regional Planning at Chulalongkorn University of Thailand and Institute of Technology Management of National Tsing Hua University of Taiwan. He has published in several international journals on industrial and innovation policies and growth models for production of science and technology, including Scientometrics, Journal of Informetrics, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Technological and Economic Development of Economy, World Patent Information, Technology in Society, Asian Journal of Technological Innovation, and Malaysian Journal of Science and Technology Studies.

Venue: Conference room

Date: 24 July 2014

Time: 14:00 - 15:00