Alumni

Dr. Juan Carlos Castillo

Thesis:
Assessing the Role of the Export Sector in Mexican Economic Development, 1965-2014

Year: 2018

Promotor(s):
Adam Szrimai and Bart Verspagen

Abstract:

A central argument behind the ongoing renegotiation of NAFTA is that Mexico became a top manufacturing exporter by monopolizing most benefits within the agreement. This dissertation claims that those benefits, while positive, are still far from letting Mexico join the highly industrialized world. Employment, foreign investment and exports increased at the expense of limiting technological capabilities, low use of domestic resources and high use of low-qualified labor. Thus, despite becoming a top exporter, Mexico has failed to capture the benefits of innovation in manufacturing, which (in highly a globalized world) are monopolized by other developed and more competitive emerging economies.



Selected publications by Juan Carlos Castillo


Articles (journal, professional, popular)
Castillo, Juan Carlos & G.J. De Vries, 2018, `The Domestic Content of Mexico's Maquiladora Exports: A Long-Run Perspective, Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 27, More information


UNU-MERIT Working Papers
Castillo, Juan Carlos & Adam Szirmai, 2016, Mexican manufacturing and its integration into global value chains, UNU-MERIT Working Paper 2016-001


Theses
Castillo, Juan Carlos, 2018, Assessing the Role of the Export Sector in Mexican Economic Development, 1965-2014, PhD dissertation Maastricht University / United Nations University

UNU-MERIT