Technological change is a vital human activity that interacts with
geographic factors and environment. The purpose of the study here is to
analyse the relationship between geo-climate zones of the globe and
technological outputs in order to detect favourable areas that spur
higher technological change and, as a consequence, human development.
The main finding is that innovative outputs are higher in geographical
areas with a temperate climate (latitudes). In fact, warm temperate
climates are favourable environments for human societies that, by a
long-run process of adaptation and learning, create platforms of
institutions and communications systems, infrastructures, legal systems,
economic governance and socio-economic networks that support inventions
and diffusion of innovations. The linkages between observed facts show
the vital geo-climate sources of fruitful patterns of the technological
innovation and economic growth.
Keywords: Innovation, Temperate Zone, Climate, Technology, Technological Change, Patent, Economic Growth, Society.
JEL classification: O10, O30, R1, R11, R12