Political determinants of sustainable transport in Latin American cities
Carlos Cadena Gaitan
This paper examines patterns within the broad trends towards
sustainability in transport systems of Latin American cities. We provide
an empirical characterization of the sustainability levels for several
urban transport systems in this region, and use it as the base for
comparing and contrasting the levels of engagement of each city with the
principles of sustainability in transport. We perform this
characterization by composing a ranking that rates transport
sustainability as an aggregation of its three core dimensions: social,
economic, and environmental. We present this ranking as the 'Green
Transport Index for Latin American Cities'.
Keywords: green transport, sustainable transport, sustainability index, transport policy, Latin America.
JEL Classification: R40, R49