How to ensure access to critical medicines? What are the links between migration and corruption? How do European agencies innovate? Just three of the questions tackled by UNU-MERIT and its School of Governance in May 2015. Our most recent publications are detailed below, including one book chapter, four journal articles, one working paper, and one country report. Click here for the full list.
Promoting circular international migration of the highly skilled. This chapter in Global Migration Old Assumptions, New Dynamics aims to expose the myths and misinformation about global migration, an issue generating emotional debate from the highest levels of power to kitchen tables across the USA, EU and worldwide. This collection explores issues on all five continents, discussing examples from more than 50 countries through analysis by 40 top scholars across eight disciplines. By Dr. Metka Hercog and Dr. Melissa Siegel.
Access to critical medicines: When are compulsory licenses effective in price negotiations? This article develops a novel game theoretic model to explain compulsory license threats in drug price negotiations. It shows that while compulsory licenses do not occur under complete information, they can be issued under incomplete information. The model is tested against real episodes of compulsory licenses to derive policy insight. By Prof. Shyama V. Ramani and PhD fellow Eduardo Urias.
The evolution of gendered migration trajectories from Moldova & Georgia. This article is the first of its kind to comparatively examine the evolution of feminised migration flows from Moldova and Georgia in the post-Soviet period. The authors find that women have not only begun entering international migration at relatively high rates, but their dispersion across a larger number of destination countries and employment sectors than men suggests greater diversification among female migrants. Such evolving dynamics are important to understand for both Moldova and Georgia, which have lost 25% of their populations to migration over the past two decades. By PhD fellow Michaella Vanore and Dr. Melissa Siegel.
Finding connections: The nexus between migration and corruption. This article examines the connections between migration and corruption, whether in the country of origin or along migration trajectories. The authors argue that since corruption shapes migration in a number of direct and indirect ways, and vice versa, theories of migration that do not incorporate corruption miss out on an important piece of the empirical puzzle. By Dr. Melissa Siegel et al.
How European public sector agencies innovate: The use of bottom-up, policy-dependent and knowledge-scanning innovation methods. This article uses a factor and cluster analysis to identify different methods that public sector agencies in Europe use to innovate. The analyses identify three types of innovative agencies: bottom-up, knowledge-scanning, and policy-dependent. The distribution of bottom-up agencies across European countries is positively correlated with average per capita incomes while the distribution of knowledge-scanning agencies is negatively correlated with income. In contrast, there is no consistent pattern by country in the distribution of policy-dependent agencies. By Hugo Hollanders, Prof. Anthony Arundel et al.
Impact of electricity prices on foreign direct investment: Evidence from the European Union. This working paper addresses a gap in the literature concerning electricity prices as locational determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI). The main findings of the paper confirm that besides tax rates, unit labour costs and competitive disadvantage in secondary education, electricity prices also contribute to eroding competitiveness of the countries. Yet, the effect of electricity prices does not seem to be uniform across the EU. In fact, southwestern countries tend to be more adversely affected than north-eastern, both in the short and long run. By PhD fellow Eva Bartekova and Dr. Thomas Ziesemer.
Deprivation and poverty among children in Tajikistan: A multiple overlapping deprivation analysis. Country report (forthcoming), UNICEF Tajikistan. By Dr. Victor Cebotari et al.
Staff images: UNU / H.Pijpers
Video: UNU / H.Hudson