Do Liberal Citizenship Policies Decrease the Citizenship Premium? Assessing the Relation between Naturalization and Employment among Male Immigrants in 16 European Destination Countries?

Maarten Vink and Jaap Dronkers , Maastricht University

In this paper we assess the claim that making citizenship available to immigrants relatively easily defeats the purpose of using naturalization as a tool to further integration. We do so by analyzing the relation between naturalization and employment among male immigrants in 16 European countries. We find that there is a positive relationship between citizenship and the probability of employment, though only if migrants originate from less developed countries or migrated for non-economic reasons. For these immigrants, crucially, we find that this ‘citizenship premium’ is significantly stronger in countries where the conditions and procedures to acquire citizenship are less demanding.

About the speaker
Maarten Vink is Associate Professor at the Department of Political Science, Maastricht University, the Netherlands. He holds a PhD in Political Science from Leiden University (2003) and has been in Maastricht since 2004. He is Co-Director of the Maastricht center for Citizenship, Migration and Development (MACIMIDE), Director of Studies of the Research Master European Studies and Programme Director of the Part-time PhD Programme in European Studies at Campus Brussels of Maastricht University. Jaap Dronkers is Professor in international comparative research on educational performance and social inequality at Maastricht University. Since September 2011 he is academic partner of Centraal Planbureau. Since April 2012 he is external research fellow of CReAM of UCL (UK). He is honorary doctor at the University of Turku, Finland (2013). He has published on the causes and consequences of unequal educational and occupational attainment, changes in educational opportunities, effect-differences between public and religious schools, the educational and occupational achievement of migrants from different origins and in various countries of destination, the linkages between school and the labour market, the effects of parental divorce on children, cross-national differences in causes of divorce, education of Dutch elites, and European nobility.

Venue: Conference Room

Date: 11 December 2013

Time: 12:30 - 13:30


UNU-MERIT