MIGRATION SEMINAR: The link between the high wage gains from international migration
and the vulnerability of migrant flows to shocks at destination
David McKenzie, World Bank (Development Research Group, Finance and Private Sector Development Unit)
We use an original dataset of migrant departures from the Philippines between 1992 and 2009 to identify the responsiveness of migrant numbers and migrant wages to GDP shocks across the wide variety of destination countries in which Filipinos work. We find a large and significant positive elasticity of migrant numbers to GDP shocks at destination, but no significant responsiveness of wages. This is consistent with binding minimum wages for migrant labor. This result implies that the same labor market imperfections that make international migration so attractive as a means of increasing incomes also make migrant flows more sensitive to global business cycles than they would be if markets cleared. Difference-in-differences analysis of the impact of a change in the minimum wage for overseas jobs as domestic helpers (maids) confirms that minimum wages bind and that migrant demand is price sensitive in the absence of these imperfections.
About the speaker
David McKenzie is a Senior Economist in the Development Research Group, Finance and Private Sector Development Unit. He received his B.Com.(Hons)/B.A. from the University of Auckland, New Zealand and his Ph.D. in Economics from Yale University. Prior to joining the World Bank, he spent four years as an assistant professor of Economics at Stanford University. His main research is on migration, microenterprises, and methodology for use with developing country data. He has published over 50 articles in journals such as Quarterly Journal of Economics, Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of the European Economic Association, American Economic Journal: Applied Micro, Journal of Econometrics, and all leading development journals. He is currently an associate editor at the Journal of Development Economics and on the editorial board of the World Bank Economic Review.
Venue: Conference Room, UNU-MERIT/MGSoG, Keizer Karelplein 19, Maastricht
Time: 12:30 - 13:30